Multiple factors influence this but it’s been stark to me for decades that despite the fact of 76% of the teaching workforce being female that administrative positions are still majority male. 0000045756 00000 n 89 0 obj endstream All female superintendents interviewed reported high job satisfaction, and all except one agreed they would make the decision to seek leadership and superintendency again. 88 0 obj 0000044257 00000 n <>stream In Bexar County’s 15 public school districts, only one woman serves as superintendent while more than 70 percent of teachers and the majority of principals are female. 0000001614 00000 n 0000004404 00000 n 0000009781 00000 n The same is true for New York state as a whole. In May of 2013, all female superintendents in Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia were invited to participate in the study. Today is International Women’s Day, and while these survey results show progress from previous years, there’s significant room to grow in closing the school leadership gender gap. Each of the superintendents expressed having strong support systems; all 16 had mentors who This report examines the status of female superintendents in the United States. While nationally an overwhelming majority of educators are female, approximately only a quarter of all superintendents are women. I entered school administration relatively early but moved into the superintendent role on target with the typical age of females. On average, women earn 80 cents for every dollar paid to their male peers. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 144.1365 271.179 153.1455]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> ��L ��j3f`�����l�(� Ф�/���Y�2�3�3i2�3�geRb|������cS'#�C�y���Q3�E2��İ�q�r뱠\���f-�e�cx�.������P�1����"C=C7��Ո8qe`�= ���q6H�0�{iF �0 ���k Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 0000008455 00000 n <>stream The median age for female superintendents is 53, two years older than their male counterparts at 51. endobj A special thank you to the female superintendents who took my survey and conducted interviews in order to help us progress in adding more females to leadership positions. Of the 54 districts in Westchester, Rockland and Putnam counties, 16 districts, or 30%, are headed by female superintendents. The rationale for the inclusion of only these states is due to the fact that they, along with Hawaii and Alaska, are the only states where 100% of school districts are fiscally dependent (Fowler, 2013). endobj Here are three takeaways on the state of female superintendents we can glean from the AASA’s 2016 survey: 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study. xref Salary discrepancies add another layer to this, too. The names and locations of all possible participants were identified through the states’ Departments of Education. There are some excellent books on women in or aspiring to the superientendency – here’s one by Margaret Grogran. 0000001510 00000 n <> 97 0 obj 93 0 obj Your insight is amazing. 0000000016 00000 n ���9���{J�m&�� �q�i2�5k��Qp�c%E��U��=�� Ҕ�7>��T���1[+#�@�j�!�^N��V�^2�=�ٔZ:����I�ZV%���m1�44֪�����= �J3�}����&��u5�H9š���RZB؊O=j�&�8yя��� endobj Vp�8,�Zc�D�b*��|�9=\d�P�Oӎ��|�=9��eF܎�|���� 2��"F9�Q+1�k��.\��_����QQ-9�KK-yJ���� The head of Guilford County Schools said female superintendents suffer in "hostile" work environments.Superintendent Sharon Contreras made the claim on … Even with a low response rate, these trends show growth year-over-year. I had a superb male mentor early in my career who encouraged me. 0000034575 00000 n 0000003124 00000 n 0000023459 00000 n 0000013790 00000 n endobj 1. As a whole, people of color make up just 8.1 percent of district superintendents. While women may lead the classroom, too many are still shut out from the district. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[145.74 211.794 242.16 223.806]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> So while women make up the majority of the teacher workforce, they are vastly underrepresented in higher-paying leadership roles. Still, state-based work, like this October Houston Chronicle piece as well as a November Education Week article delve into these trends further, with similar findings. Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Female Leaders We are grateful for the sponsorship of our Premier School Solution Partner, Sourcewell, for helping make this program possible. ��r�ߑ�K�����e�p����5�^�K�j$�i�Q��RB��?��;�y~~[8[�!6�y�-]�� � S� I utilized Belenky et al.’s (1986) Women’s Ways of Knowing as a theoretical lens to understand how these women define their place in the world of educational leadership. startxref The AASA Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Female Leaders is a powerful vehicle to put female leaders in the driver's seat of their career. 85 38 <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 617.094 279.12 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> Women comprise 70 percent of all teachers in the United States, but men continue to dominate educational administration, particularly the superintendency. I also felt the challenges along the way of sitting at the admin table in male-dominated meetings, being heard, and being stereotyped. All the female superintendents stated they were value-driven, not event-driven leaders. However, the percentage of women who serve as superintendents is in stark contrast to the percentage of women in the teaching ranks. External factors contributed to the development of self-sabotaging behaviors. Women historically hit a glass ceiling when trying to reach for a school district’s highest position. Despite dramatically outnumbering males in the teaching workforce, it takes women slightly longer to break into leadership, and they often enter the superintendent role with more work experience than men. All two hundred forty nine California female superintendents were mailed surveys, one hundred twelve responded. 0 0000001635 00000 n <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[243.264 230.364 479.952 242.376]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> The majority of teachers (76 percent), too, identify as female. The AASA’s 0000002842 00000 n In 2000, AASA’s same survey showed just 13.2 percent of superintendents identified as female, compared to today’s nearly 24 percent. 92 0 obj Female Superintendents Serving Rural School District Needs support. Bush presented her findings at the fall conference of the CGCS, an organization of superintendents who work in large, urban school districts. At the current rate of 0.7 percent increase in female superintendents annually, it will take about 77 years for women to no longer be underrepresented, according … In fact, the state's female superintendent rate tops the national average of 24%, according to The School Superintendent Association. The barriers perceived by the respondents to be statistically significant were: demands of family, lack of ability to relocate, and exclusion from the Good Old Boy Network . 0000004984 00000 n GUILFORD COUNTY, N.C. — Guilford County Superintendent Dr. Sharon Contreras described conditions for women superintendents as “toxic and hostile” in a … %%EOF In many Commonwealth countries, the full version is superintendent of police (SP).The rank is also used in most British Overseas Territories and in many former British colonies. endobj It’s important to note that, while we can dig into these findings broadly, the AASA survey’s 15 percent response rate suggests it may not be fully representative. 0000014176 00000 n 0000007147 00000 n Our country’s school leaders must work to be representative of the students they serve – it isn’t enough to recruit and retain more women without also ensuring we’re developing a truly diverse workforce. I have seen of as my role to mentor and encourage females to lead as administrators. I am the first female superintendent in my district. An invitation to participate, survey link, instructions, and a deadline for responses were emailed to all 123 female superintendents in those states. 0000034759 00000 n This is not to say women haven’t made progress. This was accomplished by reviewing Virginia Department of Education records, individual school division websites, and reviewing the annual editions of the Virginia Review Directory of State and Local Government Officials at the Library of Virginia. Women of color are especially harmed by the gender wage gap: for every dollar paid to white men, African American women earn only 63 cents, and Latinas only 54 cents. endobj Female superintendents engaged in 9 self-sabotaging behaviors throughout their leadership careers. AASA’s latest study on the profession suggests seven reasons why female numbers still lag in top district posts by THOMAS E. GLASS Of our nation’s 13,728 superintendents, 1,984 today are women. Generally, what people expect of female minority administrators is different from what they expect of male administrators of all ethnic groups, Bush found. I am not compliant, am willing to take risks, and saw opportunities to support educators and those they serve through an admin leadership role. 91 0 obj The majority of educators are women, but nationwide only 24% of superintendents are female. 122 0 obj 0000003830 00000 n Some aspire to the superintendency. 0000002024 00000 n While the majority of superintendent roles, and the higher salaries that come with them, go to men, it’s crucial to point out the discrepancies women of color face. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[378.264 617.094 549.0 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> In terms of median salary, men out-earn women in four out of five district bands – women pull ahead, and actually do especially well, in just one: districts serving 10,000 to 24,999 students. Superintendents of Florida's public school districts are listed below with their physical and mailing addresses, telephone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses. 0000029081 00000 n What Does it Mean for Education. 0000009504 00000 n What Does That Mean for Education? %PDF-1.7 %���� all of the female superintendents who served in the Commonwealth of Virginia from 1990 through 2010. 90 0 obj endobj All female superintendents interviewed reported high job satisfaction, and all except one agreed they would make the decision to seek leadership and superintendency again. This disparity reinforces gender wage gaps, and, as we’ve covered previously, this inequity of earnings follows female teachers into retirement. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 86.537 145.872 94.545]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> Hiring incentives, mentoring programs, and school board guidance can all help further close the gap, but these interventions must become a priority. To my best friends, Mandy, Julia, Julie, and Shelly, thank you for standing beside me all … H��T�n1��W��\X�z�N��ڃ����F�8�v��,�M��!�e�(Ό��l��m�����,{4�]���R����+��ѱoK+���G�|���d�Ī~1O���)9��~8��G���|�YbC��"��+��u�Oa 9$U��������1w��lNs���k �m�����+f���(=� E�� ��x BF=����4��Gz�@Z�� �"��7]�Yd�7a�U,���S^R�c����. <<080A3A4294AAB2110A00D08E26BFFC7F>]/Prev 472716>> 87 0 obj 0000006070 00000 n All forty-three were contacted to participate in this study. Sixty- Bellwether maintains an internal culture that cultivates and respects diverse points of view and does not take organizational positions on education issues. The 2020 study shows women of color represent almost 13% of all female superintendents, and men of color represent 7% of all male superintendents. 0000022909 00000 n Participants were female superintendents employed with a rural school district in Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, and New Mexico. What Did Joe Biden’s Coalition Look Like? Deals to your inbox Virus numbers by state How Biden got to 270 If Trump won't concede. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 81 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> But new survey results from the American Association of School Administrators (AASA) show that about 77 percent of school superintendents identify as male. The 1,433 responses also show that while males serve in the role slightly longer than females, longevity for female superintendents has increased over the seven years AASA has been conducting the survey. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). endobj 0000008834 00000 n Today, 102 of the 17,500 members of the GCSAA are female, according to Craig Smith, GCSAA communications director. 0000035184 00000 n trailer Superintendent Directory listing all North Carolina Superintendents by first/last name. First, there are always more male district superintendents than female, regardless of geographic region. State Governments Will Be Even More Partisan Post 2020. 0000002567 00000 n 94 0 obj endobj 0000003398 00000 n AASA's 2000 survey indicates that women are poorly positioned for superintendencies, lack appropriate credentials, have little fiscal management experience, eschew pursuit of superintendencies for personal reasons, face boards' reluctance to hire them, have higher teaching motivations than formerly, and enter the administrator preparation "pipeline" too late. endobj 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study In terms of median salary, men out-earn women in four out of five district bands – women pull ahead, and actually do especially well, in just one: districts serving 10,000 to 24,999 students. 96 0 obj endobj The statements on this blog are the views of the authors alone and should not be considered those of Bellwether Education Partners or of any others within the organization. 85 0 obj 86 0 obj h�b```f``�``c`��� Ȁ ��@Q����r·�Ll��$H,���zL���axF����ֽ�M׮( �ϳT�V��23�U*oZ�=+*w�ǛU]ws?�6;}�����K��|���fX͢�Z��?�����_�;���Zk�^c�Hf&���`�h`� 9���A0��dRR� q;`�p$�(b 0000022735 00000 n With this in mind, this phenomenological study examined the factors that influenced the aspirations of female public school superintendents in Connecticut. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[393.498 646.991 540.0 665.009]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> 50% of the building leaders in my district are female. Just over half are head superintendents. Where Are All The Female Superintendents?
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